- A Jewish hero in the story of Esther, which illustrates the reversal of fortunes. His execution for lack of respect to Haman, favourite in the court of the Persian king Ahasuerus, was authorized by the king, along with extermination of Jews throughout the empire. Mordecai was to be hanged; gallows were erected. But the Jewish queen Esther intervened; records existed to show the king that Mordecai had once saved him from an intended assassination (Esther 2:22). Thus informed, the king revoked the execution order served on Mordecai and instead Haman was hanged on the same gallows. Although fictitious, it is possible that the story may be based on some historical incident. It is celebrated by the minor Jewish feast of Purim.
Dictionary of the Bible.
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MORDECAI — (Heb. מָרְדֳּכַי ,מָרְדֳּכָי hypocoristic masculine proper name containing the theophoric element Marduk), name of two Biblical figures: 1) One of the 12 leaders who returned from Babylonia to Jerusalem at the time of Zerubbabel (Ezra 2:2; Neh. 7 … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Mordecai — m Biblical: the name of Esther s cousin and foster father, who secured her introduction to King Ahasuerus (Esther 2–9). The name is of Persian origin and seems to have meant ‘devotee of the god Marduk’. It had some currency among English Puritans … First names dictionary
Mordecai — masc. proper name, biblical cousin of Esther, from Heb. Mordekhay, from Akkad. Marduk, chief god of the city of Babylon … Etymology dictionary
Mordecai — [môr′də kī΄] n. [Heb mordĕkhai] 1. a masculine name: dim. Mordy 2. Bible the cousin of Esther (in the Book of Esther), who saved the Jews from the destruction planned by Haman: cf. PURIM … English World dictionary
Mordecai — For other uses, see Mordecai (disambiguation). Esther and Mordecai, by Aert de Gelder Mordecai or Mordechai (Hebrew: מָרְדֳּכַי, Modern … Wikipedia
Mordecai — The son of Jair, of the tribe of Benjamin. It has been alleged that he was carried into captivity with Jeconiah, and hence that he must have been at least one hundred and twenty nine years old in the twelfth year of Ahasuerus (Xerxes). But the … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Mordecai — /mawr di kuy , mawr di kay uy/, n. 1. the cousin and guardian of Esther who delivered the Jews from the destruction planned by Haman. Esther 2 8. 2. a male given name. * * * In the biblical book of Esther, the cousin or guardian of Esther.… … Universalium
Mordecai — (fl. 5th cent BCE) Persian palace official at Shushan during the reign of Ahasuerus. His niece Esther was part of the king s harem. Through her Mordecai informed the king of an assassination plot against him. Later, when Mordecai refused to… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Mordecai — Recorded as both Mordacai and Mordecai, this was originally a personal name, becoming much later, a surname. However spelt it is of ancient Hebrew origins, and although once thought to have some Breton Celtic Welsh ancestry, this is is almost… … Surnames reference
Mordecai — noun Etymology: Hebrew Mordĕkhai Date: 1587 a relative of Esther who gave advice on saving the Jews from the destruction planned by Haman … New Collegiate Dictionary